2018_06_ITS Conference_AIS Standards Workshop_Component Interaction within the Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring (GIFT) as a Model for Adaptive Instructional System Standards
This paper discusses the need for adaptive instructional system (AIS) standards and suggests the Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring (GIFT) as a starting point for discussing component level interaction as a potential candidate for standardization. GIFT is an open, modular architecture to support authoring, delivery, instruction, and evaluation of adaptive instruction. Adaptive instruction is usually delivered by Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs) and like most ITSs is composed of four basic components: a learner model, an instructional model, a domain model, and an interface model. We are suggesting that the data exchanged between these four models (that are in the form of messages in GIFT) are candidates for standardization in that they solve the problem of interoperability while simultaneously allowing for flexibility of form and function
within each of the common components. This paper examines the type and form of GIFT messages and makes a case for their consideration as an initial starting place for AIS standards for interoperability.
Citation: Sottilare, R. & Brawner, K. (2018). Component Interaction within the Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring (GIFT) as a Model for Adaptive Instructional System Standards. In Proceedings of the Adaptive Instructional Systems Workshop in the Industry Track of the 14th International Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS) Conference, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 2018, p. 55-62.
Keywords: Adaptive Instructional Systems (AISs), Domain Models, Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring (GIFT), Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs), Instructional Models, Learner Models, User Interfaces